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Monday, 25 January 2016 09:43
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Enhancing the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness to meet the requirements and tasks in the new period

(LLCT) - In the past 85 years, the CPV, found and trained by President Ho Chi Minh, has led Vietnamese people to carry out a prolonged and hard revolution to overcome numerous difficulties and challenges and win the great victories. The CPV successfully led the General Insurrection in August of 1945 smashing the colonialist and feudalist yoke to establish the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

 

The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) was founded on 3 February 1930. “The establishment of the CPV was a very significant turning point in the revolutionary history of Vietnam. It proved that the proletariat had grown up and was capable of providing leadership to the revolution”(1).

In the past 85 years, the CPV, found and trained by President Ho Chi Minh, has led Vietnamese people to carry out a prolonged and hard revolution to overcome numerous difficulties and challenges and win the great victories. The CPV successfully led the General Insurrection in August of 1945 smashing the colonialist and feudalist yoke to establish the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The Party also led “The prolonged, comprehensive and self-reliant resistance of the whole people” against the French colonialist invaders; and had won the famous Dien Bien Phu victory that caused up “earth tremors in all five continents”. The CPV as well led the resistance against the US imperialist invaders, which culminated in the Great Victory of S­pring of 1975 for Southern liberation and national reunification. The victory of the resistance war against America for national salvation was “enternally recorded in the history of our nation as one of the most glorious events, a bright symbol of the triumph of the revolutionary heroism and human wisdom, which went down in the world  history as a great feat of the 20th century”(2). The people of Vietnam were also led by the CPV in the cause of building, defending the socialist Fatherland, fulfilling the international obligations and firmly protecting sovereignty and territorial integrity. With the new sound consciousness and ways of thinking appropriate for the realities of Vietnam, the Party has been steering the comprehensive renovation of the country, has performed national industrialization, modernization and international integration, and has been leading further the country to pass step by step through the transitional period to socialism.

The historical facts in the past 85 years have asserted that the CPV, with its wisdom, capability and strong will, has led Vietnamese people to win the great victories, contributing to enhancing the standing of Vietnam in the international arena. The elements for the success of the leadership of the Party were the its correct guidelines that have brought close benefits to the nation and the people, the self - sacrificing and tireless striving made by the contingent of cadres and party members; the closely-united and strong organization of the Party, the tight relationship of the Party with the people, and the wholehearted belief, love, support and protection of the people to the Party.

One of the special important factors that have determined the strong development of the CPV is that the Party has always been growing up and creatively applying Marxism - Leninism into the reality of Vietnam. Profoundly imbued with the Marxist - Leninist principles, the CPV, from its founding up to now, has permanently paid attention to the strengthening and reorganization of the Party.

The Party Central Committee and President Ho Chi Minh had launched the campaigns for Party reorganization (including the re-education of cadres and party members) in the struggle for seizing and protecting the government and in the resistance war. These campaigns were launched as the Party noted that there were signs of lack of solidarity, unstable political stance, violation of the Party discipline, and emergence of opportunism and revisionism among the cadres and Party members. The works Self-criticism by the former General Secretary of the Party, Nguyen Van Cu, and Amending the working style by President Ho Chi Minh, and other campaigns for the Party reorganization in the anti-French and anti-American resistances had served as the guidelines for the widespread struggle for criticism and self-criticism. The tendency of being in solitude, the narrow-minded attitudes and the rightist-compromise tendency were seriously condemned and criticized to enhance the Party’s fighting capacity and promote the close relationship of the Party with the people, while the solidarity and unity of the CPV were strengthened. Through these methods, the organization of the Party could be strong; the political stance of cadres and Party members could be strengthened; the errors of detachment from the people masses, command working styles, bureaucracy, corruption and waste could be rectified, the cognition of democracy and discipline inside the Party could be enhanced. Thus, the will and energy of the Party were concretized, creating the victorious power and the determination to win any aggressors to liberate the nation and reunify the country.

 During the renovation period, a number of the cadres and party members were in confusion, were hesitant and showed the degradation of political stance, ideology, morality and lifestyle due to the failure of the realistic socialist model in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries, and due to the negative impact of the downside of the market economy. Facing this situation, the 3rd Plenum of CPV Central Committee of the 7th tenure issued the Resolution: Some tasks of the renovation and reorganization of the Party. Further, in November 1999, the Resolution: Some current essential and urgent issues in the work of the Party building was issued at the 6th Plenum (the 2nd session) of CPV Central Committee of the 8th tenure. The CPV Central Committee had laid down the policy: “Strictly implementing the organization and activity principles of the Party, and first of all is the principle of democratic centralism; preventing and overcoming the shortcomings of disorganization, indiscipline and autocraticism in the Party”(3). There must keep to the goals of national independence and socialism, to the Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought which are the fundamentals of the Party’s ideology. And there must keep to the leadership of the CPV; “pluralism and the multi-party system” were not accepted.

Despite the specific resolutions regarding the work of the Party building and reorganisation, there were still shortcomings happening in very complex ways. These shortcomings were serious, prolonged and could be slowly overcome. Being not prevented and reversed, these shortcomings had reduced the people’s trust in the Party and undermined the Party’s standing, role, combativeness and leadership capacity. Under such circumstances, the 4th Conference of CPV Central Committee of the 11th tenure discussed and issued the Resolution: Some urgent issues in the work of the Party building at the present (16 January 2012). The Resolution clearly pointed out that the most pressing issue at that time was the degradation of political stance, ideology, morality and lifestyle of a part of the cadres and party members with such demonstrations as the fading of their ideals, the falling into selfish individualism, opportunism, pragmatism, running for fame and fortune, money, envy of other’s positions, corruption, waste, localism, thoughtlessness of the real circumstances and unscrupulous indiscipline, etc. Many Party grassroots organizations had loosen the Party principles and discipline, etc; thereby their combativeness decreased. The Resolution also clearly showed the solutions for overcoming the errors, which were: Decisively fighting to prevent and reverse the degradation of political stance, ideology, morality and lifestyle of a part of the Party cadres and members, and first of all of the leading cadres and managers at all levels; Building a contingent of leaders and managers, especially at the central level, to meet the requirements of the national industrialization and modernization and international integration; Clearly defining personal competence and responsibility of heads of the party committees and authorities before the committee collectives, authorities, agencies and units.

The leadership capacity and combativeness of the Party were gradually raised in the process of the Party building and reorganization carried out pursuant to the Resolution of the 3rd Plenum of CPV Central Committee of the 7th tenure, the Resolution the 6th Plenum (2nd session) of CPV Central Committee of the 8th tenure, and especially to the Resolution of the 4th Plenum of CPV Central Committee of the 11th tenure. The leadership methods of the CPV were renewed step by step. The leading role of the Party was firmly maintained. The people’s confidence in the Party was strengthened. The contingents of leaders and managers at all levels grew up and much advanced in many aspects.

In the coming years, there will be tremendous opportunities and advantages in the country and in the world and regional situation. But there will also be a lot of complex difficulties and challenges for the Party to handle. Among them there are the “four risks” already shown by the National Conference of Party Representatives in the mid-term of the 7th tenure of the Party. These risks still exist and even have become more serious. The risk of “lagging much behind in economy” is a major challenge for the country. The situation of degradation of political stance, ideology, morality and lifestyle of a number of cadres and party members, along with the evils of bureaucracy, corruption and waste, have been causing discontent and diminishing belief of the People in the Party’s leadership and the State management. The hostile forces increase the opposition, sabotage actions especially strengthening the strategy of “peaceful evolution”, “self-transformation” in the country to diminish the prestige and to deny the leadership role of the CPV and the path to socialism in Vietnam. This context requires that the Party should enhance the leadership capacity and combativeness; should maintain the revolutionary nature and firmly keep the political attitude and the well-balanced link of will and action; should tightly rally the lines of the contingent of cadres and party members, who really must have a pure morality and good lifestyle; should be close to the people. More than ever, the work of Party building has become a particularly important task that has vital and decisive meaning for the leadership role of the CPV and the survival of the regime.

In the face of the requirements put forth by the all-round renovation of the country, by the national industrialization, modernization and international integration, the CPV must implement well the following problems in order to deservedly be the vanguard of the working class, the working people and the whole nation and for the sake of enhancing the Party’s leadership and ruling capacity:

First, strengthening and making the Party be politically strong, i.e. keeping firmly to the Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought; creatively applying and developing Marxism - Leninism in accordance with the reality of Vietnam; keeping to the goal of national independence and socialism; enhancing the political mettle and intellectual level of the whole Party and of each cadre and party member, and first of all of the key cadre managers and leaders at all levels; keeping to the principal issues of Party building; enhancing the ruling capacity of the Party and ensuring that the Party’s leadership will be effective and efficient.

Second, continuing to renovate the ideology and theory-related works, i.e. renovating further the contents, methods and enhancing combative spirit of the theory - related work; renovating the agitation and learning Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, the Party’s and State’s guidelines and policies; being determined to fight, prevent and reverse the degradation of political stance, ideology, morality and lifestyle of a number of the Party cadres and members; preventing, repelling the cases of “internal self-evolution” and “self-transformation”; actively resisting bureaucracy, corruption and waste; intensifying the struggle to defeat all schemes and “peaceful - evolution activities” of the hostile forces; proactively and timely preventing, countering the spreading of distorted information and wrong and hostile viewpoints.

Stepping up the theoretical research and practical summary; clarifying the issues arisen in the process of renovation; doing well the orienting functions of theoretical research and practical summary for the practical activities; providing sound theoretical scientific arguments to planning and developing the Party’s lines, policies and laws of the State; renovating the political and theoretical education and learning the Party’s resolutions and making this work be practical and efficient.

Third, continuing to renovate the organizational work and the cadre work to improve quality of party members, i.e. continuing to complete the Party’s organization and apparatus and the political system; placing focus on consolidating and improving quality and combating strength of the grassroots Party organizations; renovating contents, forms and methods, making a shift in the quality of the operation of types of grassroots Party organizations; completing the Party’s organization and guaranteeing the Party’s comprehensive leadership at the grassroots  levels.

Thoroughly grasping and rigorously implementing the viewpoint that the Party shall uniformly fulfill the cadre work along with promoting the responsibility of the organizations and heads of the organizations of the political system regarding of the cadre work; building a contingent of the party members who truly are the exemplary pioneers, who have high working responsibility, revolutionary virtue and morality, good awareness of discipline, and who are able to fulfill the tasks and preserve the firm attitude in the face of the difficulties and challenges and will strive for the goals and ideals of the Party; continuing to promote the research work and following the thoughts and the moral example of President Ho Chi Minh while considering this work as a regular work of the Party organizations and authority levels and political - social organizations; firmly combating against individualism, opportunism, pragmatism and fragmentation, “group benefits” and privileges, etc.

Fourth, renovating and enhancing effectiveness and efficiency of the works of inspection, supervision and discipline of the Party, i. e enhancing awareness of inspection and supervision of the Party committees, organizations and members in order to lead, to guide and to implement the tasks of inspection, monitoring and implementing the Party discipline; renovating and enhancing effectiveness and efficiency of the inspection and supervision of the committees, organizations and examining committees of the Party and of party levels and cells; placing focus on testing, monitoring and controlling heads of party committees, organizations, state organizations, the Fatherland Front, the political - social organizations in implementing the responsibility and the assigned tasks and in preserving virtues, morality and lifestyle; strengthening inspection and supervision over the boards of party cadres, party groups and party organizations in the State agencies and economic entities; increasing the competence of controlling and implementing discipline for the inspection committees of all levels.

Fifth, renovating and enhancing effectiveness of the people’s mobilization; strengthening relations of the Party with the people; consolidating a firm faith in the Party of the people; increasing the Great national solidarity block and the relations between the Party and the people; gathering, mobilizing and promoting the strength of the entire people for creating a vast revolutionary movement for the building and protection of the country; renovating the leadership methods of the Party for the agitation work among the masses; resolving promptly and effectively the pressing issues and responding to the sound recommendations made by the people; continuing to concretize the following inter-relationship “The Party’s leadership, the State’s management, and the People’s mastership” and the motto “The people know, the people discuss, the people check, the people supervise and enjoy the achievements”.

Sixth, boosting the struggle against corruption and waste, i.e. defining that the tasks of the struggle against corruption and waste are the long and regular responsibility and duties of the Party committees and heads of Party committees, authorities and the entire political system; resolutely preventing and combating against corruption and waste; not allow corruption, waste; not conceal, tolerate and not intervene, and not stop the anti-corruption struggle. Step by step perfecting the CPV’s leadership methods in the prevention and fight against corruption and waste; resolutely applying appropriate sanctions and replacing the leaders and managers with corruption and waste and lowered prestige; continuing to strengthen the organization and apparatus of the functional agencies for preventing corruption and waste; strengthening inspection, supervision, control, auditing, investigation, prosecution, adjudication and enforcement of judgments in order to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of the work of preventing corruption and waste; forming the mechanisms for preventing and stopping “the group-benefit relations” and opposing “special rights and advantages”.

Seventh, renovating the leadership methods and ruling methods of the Party, i.e. continuing to study the theory on the ruling party, to define clearly the purposes of the holding of power, the ruling methods, ruling contents, the conditions for ruling; promoting democracy in conditions of one party in power; preventing the threats to the ruling party; focusing on renovating the  leadership methods of the Party for the political system, especially for the State; continuing to clarify the ruling methods of the Party in accordance with the requirements of the building of the law-ruled state; strongly promoting the role and effectiveness of the State and the people’s organizations; renovating the leadership of the Party over the State and society while guaranteeing the leadership of the Party leadership; at the same time, strongly promoting the role, initiative, creativity and responsibility of other organizations of the political system; continuing to renovate the working manners and styles of the leading organs of the CPV from the central level to the grassroots level; stepping up the administrative reform within the Party. 

 

 

Le Hong Anh

Member of the Politburo,

Standing Member of the Secretariat of CPV Central Committee

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